further reading ON community Currencies
The use of community currencies as a way to create and practice more equitable and fair economies is growing worldwide. Below is a sample of websites, articles, and studies reflecting on this experience in various parts of the world.
General Information on Setting Up a Community Currency
Instituto de la Moneda Social, http://www.monedasocial.org/category/monedas-sociales/
Sustainable Economies Law Center, https://www.theselc.org
“El Banco Palmas en Brasil: moneda propia, economía comunitaria y desarrollo local,” https://www.diagonalperiodico.net/movimientos/27375-banco-palmas-brasil-moneda-propia-economia-comunitaria-y-desarrollo-local.html
“El Caso de una Moneda Comunitaria: El Tlaloc,” http://chamba.coop/el-trabajo-del-futuro/el-caso-de-una-moneda-comunitaria-el-tlaloc
“Explosión de monedas sociales,” https://www.eldiario.es/alternativaseconomicas/Monedas_6_482311768.html
“Funny Money?: 11 Local Currencies,” https://money.cnn.com/galleries/2012/pf/1201/gallery.community-currencies/3.html
“Greece: Alternative Economies and Community Currencies,”https://unicornriot.ninja/2017/greece-alternative-economies-community-currencies-part-one-athens-integral/
“Ithacs Hours: Community Currency,” https://www.ithacahours.com
“Our City, Our Money,” https://bristolpound.org
“Complementary currencies in Japan today: History, originality and relevance” by Bernard Lietaer, https://ijccr.files.wordpress.com/2012/05/ijccr-vol-8-2004-1-lietaer.pdf
In Japan, more than 600 systems of community currencies were implemented by 2003. This article gives a detailed analysis and history of these systems and offers a model for addressing social problems in Europe and the United States through a bottom-up, community-oriented economic system.
“Creating Wealth : Growing Local Economies with Local Currencies” by Gwendolyn Hallsmith and Bernard Lietaer, https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/columbia/reader.action?docID=744569
Hallsmith and Lietar offer a guide to implementing social currencies.
“Financing for Development: A Monetary Issue in Which Money Has No Say” by Tristan Dissaux, https://ijccr.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/37_49_special-issue_ijccr_2018_winter_dissaux_final.pdf
The article examines how different forms of community currencies offer sustainable ways to financing national development, thus proposing an alternative to borrowing money from other countries, a tactic that creates an easily-exploitable relationship.
“Growing Green Money? Mapping Community Currencies for Sustainable Development” by Gill Seyfang and Noel Longhurst, http://base.socioeco.org/docs/seyfang-longhurst-green-money-scorai-2013.pdf
Focusing on four types of community currencies—service credits, mutual exchange, local currencies and barter markets— this article explores community currencies across the world and how they inform environmental policy and sustainable development.
“Motivations and Differential Participation in a Community Currency System: The Dynamics Within a Local Social Movement Organization” by Ed Collom, http://people.usm.maine.edu/collom/collom2011SF.pdf
This study of Timebank social currency provides an in-depth investigation of the various social dynamics that are created in the social currency system.
“Social capital and community resilience,” by Aldrich, D. P. & Meyer, M. A., https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0002764214550299
Aldrich and Meyer critique solely material approaches to disaster recovery and draws attention to the role of social capital in fostering collaboration and community resilience. It recommends community currencies as a means of revitalizing local economies after disaster.
“Sustainability of local complementary currencies: conclusions from an empirical study in Poland” by Grzegorz Sobiecki, https://ijccr.files.wordpress.com/2018/09/2018-volume-22-22.pdf
Analyzing 20 different community currencies, Sobiecki discusses the strengths and weaknesses of different forms of social currency and highlights two systems were particularly impactful and long-lasting.
“Understanding the Diversity of Community Currencies Worldwide in Globalization and Deindustrialization as an Evolutionary Tree Diagram,” by Makoto Nishibe, https://ijccr.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/issue-22-winter-1.pdf
Nishibe traces the development of several community currencies that were implemented to ameliorate various economic, social, and cultural problems caused by globalization and deindustrialization in the modern capitalist economy.